It can take time to remove black stains from hardwood floors — even ones you are cleaning on a regular basis.
It is simple to deal with any regular stain before it penetrates the surface finish and dries in the wood, but difficult dark stains require unique methods for removal.
Pet mess (urine, vomit, and feces), water spots, ink, blood stains, and food spillage are common causes of dark stains on the floor.
Poor maintenance and bad cleaning habits can lead to many wood floors getting destroyed. One of the leading causes of water stains is the incorrect use of a steam mop.
Steam doesn’t have to penetrate between planks to cause damage, but can get in any small openings caused by scratches, or a worn out or thin finish.
You should avoid steam mops if your floor is not sealed. This should include any other water-based cleaning methods that leave a film of water standing on the surface.
If your wood is not sealed, opt for other dry cleaning methods such as vacuuming, dry mopping, or sweeping with a soft bristle broom.
Growth of molds on hardwood floors caused by moisture can destroy the beauty of your hardwood floor.
Grime and dirt can tarnish your wood's finish to something black if you do not clean on a regular basis. Ceiling leakage could drip water on your floor and cause a black stain to form.
How do you get dark stains out of hardwood floors?
The secret to an all-time clean and durable hardwood floor is daily maintenance and regular cleaning. The best time to remove any spillage is when it is wet.
Stains with age may take a lot of effort to remove depending on penetration depth. Black stains with rings are the toughest to remove since the underlying wood has been affected.
Removing a stain depends on the cause, how long it has taken, and the depth it has penetrated into the wood. Here is a guide on how to remove dark/black stains from hardwood floors.
How do you Remove Pet Urine from Hardwood Floors?
Pet mess is something pet owners have to deal with. This is common if you have a young pet that has not mastered potty training.
It can happen with older pets while sick, or due to incontinence. Dog urine soaked into hardwood floors is a common culprit for dark stains on a wood floor.
It would be easier if you removed the mess immediately. But sometimes it happens in hidden areas of your house and you notice after time or you encounter a lingering odor.
The finish used on most hardwood floors can hold the pet mess for a short time before it penetrates into the wood.
Pet urine is difficult to deal with. Its liquid nature makes it penetrate the wood quickly.
Urine contains elements such as ammonia, chloride, and potassium that can react with wood and, in the process, result in a permanent stain that may require sanding or replacement of the wood.
There are commercial products you can use to remove pet stains from your hardwood floor. There are home also remedies that can be used to clear the stain.
These remedies include white vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, and baking soda. White vinegar deodorizes and disinfects, and is the best way to remove the stain with the odor.
To use, mix a cup of white vinegar with the same amount of warm water in a bucket. Use the solution to scrub the stain.
For better results, you can mix the vinegar with baking soda to form a paste. Apply the paste on the stain and let it dry. Use a soft cloth to wipe the paste and the stain will disappear.
Hydrogen peroxide is suitable for removing dark stains and lingering smells on hardwood floors. Soak a piece of cloth in hydrogen peroxide and place over the stain overnight or at least 8 hours during the day.
Repeat for longer hours if the stain is resistant. Hydrogen peroxide may bleach the section of your floor. To remove the discoloration, you may be required to do sanding and refinishing.
Wood Bleach Products for Black Stains
This is another method you can use to get rid of black stains from hardwood floors. It's suitable to use when the stain is too stubborn to be removed by home remedies.
Wood bleaching products are formulated to lighten wood and in the process remove the blemish. There are various types of bleach.
Household bleach is a weak type of bleach that deals with ink stains, food spills, blood, and related stains. In this case, chlorine can be used.
Oxalic acid is a moderate type that treats aged black discolorations, black water spots, and rust stains. The two-part kit is the strongest and used as the last option.
A wood bleach works best to strip wood of its finish or sand the section so that it can penetrate. While sanding, use fine-grit sandpaper to avoid getting into the wood.
Wipe off clean before applying bleach. After the bleaching process, you will have to refinish and seal the surface for protection.
Read the manufacturer’s instructions on the label before use of any bleach on your wood. Safety is important. Wear protective gloves to avoid direct contact with your body. Work in a well-lit and ventilated room.
Wood Floor Sanding and Refinishing
Some stains are difficult to remove regardless of the product you use. An example would be dealing with established molds and dried paint.
Sanding and refinishing a hardwood applies to stains that have penetrated the finish and not deep into the wood but are hard to remove.
Use fine-grit sandpaper to sand and do not get deep into the wood. When you are sure that the stain is removed, you can proceed to refinish and seal the wood.
The area you have sanded may look slightly different from the rest of the floor. If the stain was caused by pet urine, the area may smell bad and require applying a deodorizing agent.
Replacing the Stained Wood
Some stains may penetrate the wood and change its appearance or damage it. An example is a dark water stains that forms from water seeping down into the wood for some time before you notice or the pet urine got absorbed and reacted with the wood.
Replacing the planks or boards may be costly since you will need a professional to do it. A section may be replaced or the entire floor depending on the level of the damage.
Knowing how to clean wooden floors can save you the cost and hustle of removing ingrained stains. Dirt can eat into the finish and becomes difficult to remove when left to sit.
Sweep your hardwood floor on a daily basis to remove dust and loose debris. Consider mopping on a weekly basis. While mopping, avoid cleaning methods that may leave water pooling on the surface.
Removing dark marks from hardwood floors can be a challenge. Be watchful to deal with any spillage or mess on your floor. Some stains can be impossible to remove once set.
Hardwood floors are an expensive investment that you should always protect. Regular cleaning with the right methods can add beauty and life to your floor.